Sanity: Reality Or Fabrication?

Modern psychology does not define the term “sanity.” Look it up in any psychology book and you’ll find not a single attempt to actually define what it is to be sane. Different countries have legal systems that define sanity, in the same way that individuals define what is and is not sane for themselves. However, it is unusual that the field most concerned with mental health and insanity has made no attempts to form a single, concrete definition for it. There are some that theorize this situation is similar to the argument about the existence of heat and cold. Cold has a relationship with heat in that the former is the absence of the latter, nothing more. Is it possible that sanity doesn’t actually exist and is merely the absence of insanity?

Legal and mental health institutions round the world have volumes of guidelines and criteria used to determine if someone is insane, but not even a single line to mark a person as being sane. If you take the time to analyze it, it almost seems as if mental health experts believe marking someone sane to be a diagnosis of exclusion. There are hundreds of potential problems in psychology and psychiatry, with the list including anxiety disorders, depression, insomnia, psychosis, and dissociative personality disorder. All of these examples are considered to be signs of insanity, albeit the intensity varies from problem to problem, and person to person. However, most psychologists seem content to pick away at possible problems until they run out of options before declaring you sane.

It is also interesting to note just how much effort psychology puts into finding and defining various forms of insanity. For example, there are currently six different forms of pedophilia. Out of the 300 major psychological disorders, a startlingly large amount are considered to be connected to sex and sexual health. There are a few disorders that are used to describe mood and mentality changes brought about by the weather and other factors in nature that affect us. Social and familial relations are also taken in as an avenue of study, typically with disorders that are inevitably linked to disorders in other fields. So literally, there are thousands of ways for a person to be insane to some degree, but no way to tell if a person is sane. For some, this actually poses a most intriguing conundrum: does sanity even exist?

That question, while probably not taken seriously by the vast majority, does put an old adage in a new light. There are some people that often joke that everyone’s insane, that the appearance of sanity is just a matter of how much insanity is present. Given that sanity is not defined by psychology, the field that ought to be the most concerned with understanding it, the joke may not necessarily be completely untrue. There are ways to determine sanity, but these are based on the legal definition and are used strictly to see whether someone was legally liable for a crime or not. However, not being criminally insane does not automatically make a person “sane” in the psychological sense. After all, only a small percentage of the various mental illnesses out there can actually lead to criminal behavior.

Of course, all this could simply mean that the dividing line between sane and insane is up to the individual observers to determine. That brings a number of risks, as the observations and definitions are likely going to be highly subjective. Even sanity in the legal sane is subjective, as different jurisdictions define it differently. The lack of a credible source for what makes a person sane may be psychology’s way of telling the world that sanity doesn’t exist. Now there’s a disconcerting thought.

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Public Enemies is a 2009 American crime film directed by Michael Mann. Set during the Great Depression, it focuses on the true story of FBI agent Melvin Purvis’s attempt to stop criminals John Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson, and Pretty Boy Floyd. The film is an adaptation of Bryan Burrough’s non-fiction book Public Enemies: America’s Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933-34. Christian Bale plays FBI agent Purvis, Johnny Depp plays Dillinger, Marion Cotillard plays Dillinger’s girlfriend Billie Frechette, Channing Tatum plays Floyd and Giovanni Ribisi plays Alvin Karpis.

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How Can Forensic Handwriting Analysis Help Solve Crimes?

Forensic handwriting examination is used to determine the author of a particular document (or another piece of writing). It has been used successfully for more than 100 years, and experts are continuing to learn more about the science behind handwriting analysis. As they learn more about the field of graphology, it’s becoming more and more common for the police to hire a forensic handwriting expert in Las Vegas, NV, to help them in certain cases.

What Makes Your Handwriting So Unique?

The reason forensic handwriting examination works is because everyone’s handwriting is unique. Although most people were taught to write the same way in school, your handwriting is shaped by your personality, health, and experiences in your life. Graphologists look at dozens of traits when they examine a sample of handwriting, including the size and slant of the letters, the pen pressure exerted by the writer, and the legibility of the sample. They also look at more subtle clues like whether someone stopped writing in the middle of a letter. Combining all these different traits with your unique personality gives you a handwriting style shared by no one else in the world.

How Does Handwriting Analysis Help the Police?

Police work with graphologists any time they need to find out the author of a certain document, such as a threatening letter or ransom note. This also applies to nontraditional documents like graffiti. Graphologists can also be called to determine if a suicide note is genuine or to identify a forgery in a document like a will or property deed. Because handwriting often reveals when someone is lying, handwriting analysis may be used to evaluate written statements made by suspects to try to find the guilty party.

The Case of Peter Weinberger

One of the most famous cases solved by handwriting analysis was the kidnapping of Peter Weinberger, a baby only a month old. On July 4, 1956, he was stolen off the patio of his home, and a ransom note was left demanding $2,000. Handwriting experts examined millions of documents from probation offices, schools, and the New York State Motor Vehicle Bureau until they finally found a match in a man named Angelo LaMarca. When LaMarca was confronted with the handwriting analysis, he admitted to the deed and was found guilty of kidnapping and murder (the young baby did not survive the kidnapping).

How Reliable Is Handwriting Analysis?

Some people are skeptical about the accuracy of handwriting analysis. It’s true that there are many factors that make it difficult to be 100% sure of a match. A graphologist needs enough known handwriting samples to compare to the document in question, and it’s difficult to match different styles of handwriting. A person’s handwriting can also vary slightly over time, especially if they are ill. However, many judges have upheld the validity of handwriting analysis in court. In cases such as that of LaMarca, handwriting analysis may also be used to prompt the suspect into admitting guilt on his or her own.

Who Can Become a Handwriting Expert?

No specific degree is required to become a forensic handwriting expert in Las Vegas, NV. However, most experts have a degree in forensics and have taken classes in document and handwriting analysis. After you get your degree, you’ll work with an expert for 2-4 years to get plenty of hands-on experience. You’ll get the chance to review a wide variety of handwriting traits and learn what they mean in context. After this, you should become certified in order to prove your competency. Once certified, you can then go on to work with the FBI, CIA, or local police as a forensic handwriting expert.

Crimes That Can Be Prosecuted As Misdemeanor Or Felony

Every state has dozens of crimes that can be tried as a felony charge or a misdemeanour. These crimes are known as wobblers, or in the case of infractions that can be tried as misdemeanors, wobletts. Theft for example, is a crime that can be charged as either a felony or a misdemeanor and it is usually up to the prosecutors’ judgement as to which way to go.

How This Can Work For You

The difference between a felony and a misdemeanor is usually defined as the amount of time a person can serve and where they serve that time. Misdemeanors can carry a sentence of up to one year and the term is served in a county or city jail. Felonies, the more serious of the two, have sentences in excess of one year and the person is incarcerated in a federal or state prison.

Obviously if you have a chance to get a felony reduced to a misdemeanor you want to do it. But who makes this decision? Initially it can be the persecutor. Generally speaking, the persecutor doesn’t need a Grand Jury Indictment to go forward with a misdemeanor so if the crime is fairly petty, if it is a first offense, the prosecutor may go with a misdemeanor simply as a time saving device.

The judge can also reduce the charge after conviction. This happens frequently with DUI cases. A convicted person may have the charge reduced and be placed on probation. If the person is subsequently found guilty of another charge, the reduced misdemeanor can be revoked and replaced with the original felony conviction.

How This Can Work Against You

If you live in a “3 strikes” state, a misdemeanor could cost you 25 years to life. If you have two felony convictions and are convicted of a misdemeanor that could be considered your third felony. The extreme example was a person with two felony convictions who stole $5.39 worth of meat to feed his family and was convicted for a felony theft and sent off to prison for 25 years.

This article is informational only and not legal advice.

Marin County Booking Log Public Search

Public data about persons arrested and booked into the County of Marin jail can be found in the Marin County Sheriff’s Office Records Division. The Records Division is under the Documentary Services Division of the Marine County Sheriff’s Office. Here, you can find, not just Marin County Booking Log, but all other legal information also. These include, criminal records, incident records, and custodial files.

Personnel in this department process requests for incident reports and out-of-custody inmate inquiries for authorized government agencies. The unit releases these reports as allowed by law. Some reports like crime information, are subject to limited access to protect the persons involved. The Records Division also issues “Good Conduct” letters, and provides registration services for identified narcotic and arson offenders. Individual requests for information may be received by mail or fax, but must be picked-up in person. The requestor must bring a valid ID for verification purposes. A nominal cost is charged per report served.

Details within these documents is made available to the public in accordance with the California Public Records Act and the Government Code 6254 f (1). Californians have the right under these laws to access California Criminal arrest Details as well as other public records maintained by local and state government agencies, including the Department of Justice.

Other kinds of documents or information a person may request for are warrants and civil documents. These records can be obtained from the Warrants Division and Civil Division of the Marin County Sheriff’s Office respectively. The Warrants Division maintains, verifies, and processes all warrants issued by the Supreme Court of Marin County. The types of warrants include: Criminal Warrants, County Parole Warrants, and Sheriff’s Orders to Arrest Warrants. Only warrants issued in Marin County can be found here. For warrants issued by other agencies or in other counties, the requestor must contact the respective agency or county’s sheriff’s office for information.

The Civil Division processes civil records such as eviction documents, levies (Bank and Third Party), restraining orders, small claims, and earnings withholding order (wage garnishments). Persons requesting for any of these services must be note that the address they provide for the particular service must be located in Marin County. A fee is charged per person/ business/ entity served. Persons requesting for these services should also pay special attention to time restrictions. If a court date is scheduled, the documents should be made available within a specified number of days prior to the hearing.

The Marin County Sheriff’s Office offers both Live Scan and ink fingerprinting. After careful evaluation, the Department of Justice (DOJ) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) then transmits the results of the scans to the requesting company within 3 to 14 days. This service calls for an appointment. Requesting agencies must check with the Sheriff’s Office for the needed request forms as well as other special instructions or requirements. They may do so on the phone or by checking the Marin County Sheriff’s Office website. The website holds most of the key information for processing requests and reports. Access to other files like the County Marin Arrest Log can also be searchable in other public records sites.

Steps to Take When Charged With a Crime

If one is charged with a crime, the criminal justice system can be a very scary and complicated system. There are a variety of parties involved with a criminal case such as defense attorneys, prosecutors, and judges. If you are charged with a crime, it is important to know what steps to take to ensure that your rights are protected.

1. If you are charged with a crime and find yourself sitting in jail, the first step to do is get a bail bondsmen to bail you out of jail. Once you are no longer in jail, you will have the ability to effectively deal with the criminal charges. It is important not to speak to the authorities until you have retained an attorney because any information you give can be used against you in trial.

2. Once you have been released from jail, you need to find a high-quality attorney to represent you. It is never recommended to represent your self in a criminal trial. A defense attorney will know all of the ‘ins and outs’ of the legal system as well as the legal process. The lawyer you choose will be one that can effectively convey your side of the case, and will be involved in communicating with the prosecutor, witnesses, expert witnesses, and gathering evidence and preparing the case for the criminal trial. Ask the attorney if he or she was once a criminal a prosecutor. A former criminal prosecutor will know exactly how the prosecution of the case will unfold. The attorney should have experience in criminal law.

3. Once you have located a defense attorney, call and make an appointment. You will normally have a consultation appointment that is often free. There you will discuss your case and present your side. It is important that you ask the attorney questions about their knowledge and experience in criminal law as well as your particular case.

If you cannot afford an attorney, you are entitled to a legal aid lawyer. When you apply to Legal Aid, you must provide financial information so they can determine whether you are eligible for aid.

4. Not every criminal case goes to trial. It may not be in your best interest to go to trial. In this case, you should have a defense Lawyer that can negotiate a plea. The attorney will be able to explain your options and work on your behalf to get the best plea deal.

5. Trial can be a complicated process. If you go to trial, the defense lawyer will be responsible for gathering all evidence that includes the prosecution’s witness list, prosecution’s evidence, your witnesses, expert witnesses… etc. Your attorney will also prepare for the case, prepare your witnesses, and present the case. It is important to have a criminal defense attorney with wide-ranging experience trying cases in front of a jury.

The most important step one should take when charged with a criminal act is to hire an experienced defense attorney. An attorney will guide you through an often complex criminal process.

Organized Crime Funding and Operational Development

Any organization, legal or illicit, has high costs, fixed and variables, for the operations, needing money for the development of their activities. In general terms, in the world of the organized crime the liquidity of money is one of the main concerns.The illegal activities carried out by the sub-world of the organized crime generates, for system, with more or less frequency, bulky monetary affluences to the criminal organizations, being the level national or transnational.

International organisms have, for instance, dear that the groups mobsters” activities generated, in the year of 1992, incomes in about a thousand million U.S.D in Hungary, 2 to 3,5 thousands millions in the U.S.A., 3 thousand million of stories in the space of E.U., 5 thousands millions in Japan.

From where are these incomes? Of illegal activities as drugs traffic, weapons black market sells, exploration of the ” protection payments” (“racket”, extortion), of the exploration of contracts in public construction buildings or structures, from smuggling of several products, from gambling, among others.

Also there is a group of legal activities as businesses involving companies, casinos, financial institutions . They to do the wealth and money to circulate and somehow to justify the incomes obtained by the organizations in an illicit way. It is the camouflage methodology.

Still, the structures of organized crime stops the legal control and they explore a “black market” (national or transnational), illicit, that it allows the change of a wide variety of products and services: forged money for drug, weapons for nuclear technology, cocaine, heroine, and others But they also explore the finance market legally instituted, namely for consummation of their second financing methodology: the money laundry.

For money laundry is understood that each group realize operations, mainly financial that consist of moving away the obtained wealth from the original illegal source, turning it “clean”, to the eyes of society, monetary masses of money that, in the origin, are “dirty”, because they were obtained by an illicit way. As example, the “Cartel of Cali” that, in ended in the eighties, it whitened 57 million dollars – of which 36 million were in Europe – through the creation of countless ghost – societies and of consecutive movements of deposits in 268 braches in 118 banks of Europe, U.S.A. and Panama).

This amount is capable to be (reverse) invested, without any suspicions, in any economic or commercial industrial or financial activities of the current market, working the criminal organizations then as true business “empires.”
Like this, the camouflage activities (regarding not only persons, but also business) and the money laundry (that refers, normally about 30 to 50% of the global incomes obtained by the organization) as a result of multiple other previous illegal activities, always generators (also) of incomes, they represent another of the aspects more significantly common of the organized criminality, in covered financing.

OPERATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

The inherent common denominators THE STRUCTURE, SAFETY and FINANCING of the criminal organizations already allowed characterizing the organized criminality.
Still in relationship to a large part of the organized crime (except partly, the terrorist organizations), we can find another common element: the type of Operational Development.
The Operational Development of the activities of organized criminality settles down, usually, according to the following vectors:
a) Extent of national, international and transnational action;
b) Permanent Operational and stabilized, with concerns of tactics and of strategic order;
c) Conjugation of legal businesses and illicit businesses;
d) Chronological Interface and multiple accomplishments of crimes.

The operational development of the organized criminality has these factors.

a) – the reason of being of this criminality type is inside the enlarged extent of territorial activity and permanent organization and stabilized in the prosecution of the criminal activities;
b) – the reason of effectiveness of the organizations, for besides the execution of their objectives I (namely, the economical profits), is into in their flexibility face the deterrent circumstances, in dynamics of tactical and strategic articulation in the capacity of dissimulation of the illicit financing sources (illicit businesses), through the creation and maintenance of licit businesses (real or simulated) that, allow to justify and to “clean” the obtained global profits.

At the level of the businesses illicit/crimes, are strategies those that, best allows the “normal” prosecution of the activities of financing of the organization. The practices of the corruption, covering, a traffic of influences and control of the authorities are usual and typical.

The organization strategically to mislead difficulties and to avoid (larger) threats to the operational development of the activities chose as tactics for the organization to obtain profit, by e.g. traffic of drugs, the extortion and kidnappings, traffic of weapons (or, now, also, the one of nuclear products), smuggling, among others.

The legal businesses more “sought” by the criminal organizations are spread in several sectors, as: the finance market (e.g. detention and/or participation in credit institutions, leasing societies, brokers.) and the market of capitals – preferred by excellence for practices of bulky operations of money laundry -, the casinos a, hotels, the building societies and other businesslike import – export firms (often based in taxes paradises – off – shores).

Actually, the infiltration of the organized crime in legal businesses constitutes an additional tactic for effective reduction of the risk of detection of the net, for the covering and legitimating the incomes produced that, like this, less suspicions get up as for it’s ownership. Still, the insert in activities and legitimate commercial operations, namely at the international level, offers to the criminal organizations the possibility to use the legal circulation and transport of products for part of their illicit cargo.

c) – The criminological reason of the organized crime is partially, in the multiple accomplishment of illicit and, the criminal interaction.

The operational development of the nets of organized crime give priority to the practice of multiple illicit criminal, be in the optical of safety expressed in:
– crimes of corruption;
– traffic of you influence;
– threats,;
– crimes of homicide, corporal offenses, coactions and threats,
– Drainage of incomes;
– crime of money laundry;
– falsifications ;
– Tax frauds.
In another perspective, for the great majority of the criminal organizations, in their practices have a permanent and stabilized type of crimes, as for instance drugs smuggling associating in the

Why You Must Hire A Professional Lawyer For Your Legal Cases

A Sex Crime lawyer Fort Myers who has many years of experience must be hired by the individual who is alleged to have seriously infringed the constitutional right of another person. One of the rights the constitution behests to every individual is the right of life. A person who murders is considered to have infringed the right of life of another person. People who commit sex crimes are considered to have infringed the rights of victims by harassing victims. As a matter of fact, sexual crimes are called sexual harassment. A person can also commit a crime against a nation.

In a legal case, there is the victim and the alleged perpetrator of a crime. Before the judge comes up with a fair ruling, the perpetrator will be considered innocent. The constitution of most nations in fact says that one is innocent until proven guilty. The court refers to the alleged perpetrator as a defendant and the victim as a plaintiff. If the victim is a nation, the government of the victimized country will be a plaintiff. A nation will be victimized by one of its citizen who steals government money. A nation will also be victimized by a foreigner who tries to enter the country with banned drugs.

The individual who victimizes a nation in any way faces the wrath of government prosecution in court. When faced with government prosecution, an experienced Sex Crime Lawyer Cape Coral will be the only hope. One of the task an experienced attorney has to carry out is to outline to a person the legal consequences associated with a particular kind of crime. Crimes that involve dealing with banned drugs normally attract life imprisonment. However, in some drug related cases, defendants are normally acquitted of wrong doing.

To be acquitted for criminal wrong doing, there has to be strong evidence to support dismissal of the charge. A charge will be dismissed if there is enough proof to show that one is not the individual who actually committed the mentioned crime. Poor police investigations may also cause case dismissal.

Murder is the intentional or unintentional killing of one individual or many people. Unintentional killing is classified as manslaughter. A manslaughter sentence will be less severe than that of cases where people or an individual were intentionally murdered. Intentionally killing that involves killing based on racial prejudice or tribal prejudice is called genocide. If you find yourself in a legal predicament where a crime is involved you need the absolute best representation. A domestic violence lawyer Fort Myers is a great tool that you can use to help you gain advice and also to get a lesser degree of punishment. An assault lawyer Fort Myers will be able to provide you with the answers that you have been looking for and a consultation can be very insightful, you may also want to seek out a drug trafficking defense lawyer Fort Myers if your case falls within that category.

Overall you must find professional, reputable and experienced law services to assist you with your legal battle, otherwise you may not receive your desired outcome from the case.

Best Crime Novelsfrom Famous Authors

Crime fiction novels are related to the literary. Generally they deals with crimes, their detection, criminals, and motives that are usually divided from mainstream fiction and other such as historical fiction or science fiction, but the boundaries are fully defined. In most cases, crime novels include suspense and mystery elements nearly ubiquitous.

Crime fiction has several subcategories

* Detective fiction stories
* Courtroom drama stories
* Hard-boiled fiction stories
* Legal thrillers stories

Detective Fiction Stories:

Detective story is related to crime and it resolve around investigation of crime case. These stories have investigation process and detective person also. In the beginning of the novel, a crime is introduced and after that it seems like the perfect crime. The detective works to gather clues, and may at times seem like he or she is making mistakes. In some other novels, the wrong person is introduced based on just a little evidence. Finally the detective begins to piece together the crime and usually because of some unexpected event and finally the detective reveal the crime story and finds the person who committed the crime. The audience is challenged to solve the crime by the clues provided before the detective reveals the answer at the end of the novel.

Count room Drama Stories:

This type of story includes story about the crime which is happened in closed room or locked room. In this story author involves a detective. First detective detect the clues about the crime and then proceed to find the criminal. Finally he or she reveal the mystery of the closed room or locked room crime.

Hard-Boiled Fiction Stories:

Hardboiled fiction is a literary or story which is generally that shares some of its characters and settings with crime fiction especially about detective stories. These stories derived from the romantic traditions which are related to the emotions of unpleasant, fear, excitement, wonder, horror and terror, hardboiled fiction deviates from that tradition in the detective’s cynical attitude towards those emotions. The generally typical protagonist is a detective, who daily witnesses the violence of organized crime that flourished during Prohibition, while dealing with a legal system that had become as corrupt as the organized crime itself.

Legal thrillers stories:

Thriller stories are related to suspense, excitement, best twists. Thrillers are a generally related to fiction in which tough, resourceful, but essentially ordinary heroes fight against villains determined to destroy them, their country, or the stability of the free world. Often it is associated with spy fiction, war fiction, adventure and detective fiction.

IN crime fiction novels there are so many fictions related novels available in market. There are so many best and popular crime fiction books are listed below

 The Women in White
 Strangers on a Train
 The Daughter of Time
 The Complete Sherlock Holmes
 The Murder of Roger Ackroyd
 The Madman of Bergerac
 The Nine Tailors
 Miss Smilla’s Feeling for Snow
 In Cold Blood

These all novels are having stories about crime or suspense stories which are happened in locked rooms. Now these novels and story books are available in online.